Everything about Internet of Things (IoT)
The IoT technology is not only about creating fridges that order pizza in fast-food restaurants or kettles that boil water by the command from smartphones. It’s also about smart plants, sensors in public transport, object localization tracking systems, and many other useful devices. According to the statistics, the number of Internet-based devices all over the world has reached 21 bln. Thus, at present practically the whole world can be called the Internet of Things (IoT).
What is IoT?
Internet of Things is understood as a new system of developing the worldwide network where more gadgets than people are connected. The technology combines devices into a computer net, which allows exchanging data and working in real-time without the participation of a person.
The history of IoT started in 1999 when British technologist Kevin Ashton proposed optimizing the logistics of Procter & Gamble using radio-frequency beacons. For studying the given concept, the analytical center Auto-ID Center was established at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology whose main task was research in the sphere of radio frequency identification.
The period from 2008 to 2009 is considered the birth of IoT since, according to some researchers, exactly at that time the number of Internet-based devices exceeded the population of our planet. Such quick development of the technology became possible due to the mass spread of smartphones and wireless networks and reducing the cost of electronics and data processing systems.
IoT refers not only to one technology but to a wide range of technologies aimed at combining the Internet and technical devices, including intellectual sensors, protocols of their interaction, different types of wireless connection (Bluetooth, RFID, BLE, etc.).
IoT technologies and elements in B2B and B2C
Trading has long and stable relations with the Internet of Things. Specialists in B2B and B2C have real experience in implementing the IoT system, which allows them to estimate easily return on investment and possible risks. According to businessmen, in the nearest future, the multiplicative effect from the system will exceed the expenses on its implementation at enterprises by several times.
Internet of Things for B2B presupposes a wide range of systems and devices which allow developing volume sales, including:
- iBeacon indoor navigation platform;
- drones and smart transport;
- smart city;
- smart factories;
- geolocation marketing;
- insurance telematics, etc.
The B2C technologies are aimed at the end-user. The list of the IoT elements for B2C includes any wearable devices, smart TV, smart home, smart clothes, or gadgets for pets.
Spheres of IoT application using indoor navigation
The scope of the IoT indoor positioning technology application covers practically all spheres of our life. It is used in production, logistics, healthcare, education, and even in households.
The system ‘smart office’ is a set of equipment and software solutions that let employers monitor their staff movement and ensure interaction between employees. The most common examples of implementing indoor location systems are:
- internal navigation using the smartphone application;
- assets monitoring in real-time;
- gathering data on staff logistics and asset tracking IoT;
- conditioning and heating control, etc.
The implementation of the indoor navigation system ‘smart office’ allows optimizing business processes in the company and positioning the office as an innovative working space.
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Many state hospitals are still far from implementing modern technologies but in private clinics, there are already many examples of the IoT technology, such as ‘keys to life’, sending lab results to the doctor’s computer, Embracing bracelets that can predict an epileptic seizure.
Special attention should be paid to IoT in the healthcare industry and indoor navigation in medical institutions which allows:
- finding a doctor’s office easily and quickly;
- building a route to any object in the hospital;
- making an appointment remotely;
- tracking hospital staff workload;
- medical equipment tracking.
Indoor navigation improves communication with patients and ensures exact information interaction using notifications based on a person’s location.
Internet of Things is becoming more and more popular in the sphere of transport. In logistics, the technology helps to adjust service processes using transport tracking and informing drivers about unexpected road situations. In airports and stations, it allows building the necessary route, searching luggage, simplifying the procedure of flight registration. Using navigation systems one can create interactive maps of stations, passages, tunnels and also perform 24/7 passenger traffic monitoring.
Modern industrial IoT comprises assets navigation and increasing staff security in the workshops or on the factory territory. Let’s look at some specific features of the system on the example of the platform from Navigine. It is based on the iBeacon technology used in implementing navigation solutions in the industry. After setting up BLE beacons in the factory, the number of incidents connected with labor protection decreases considerably and efficiency increases on average by 20%.
Navigine offers its clients the technological navigation platform for implementing IoT technology. We will help you to develop the Internet of Things and will propose the realization of projects from the above-mentioned spheres based on the iBeacon, RTLS, Wi-Fi technologies.