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Indoor positioning system

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The Global Positioning System (GPS) is widely used around the world but is efficient only outside. To track objects inside buildings, it is necessary to use an indoor positioning system (IPS) that works on both generally accepted Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) standards and on passive RFID or UWB technologies.

How does the indoor positioning system function?

Indoor positioning is a system that allows detecting objects inside buildings where satellite navigation practically doesn’t work.
The indoor position system is based on beacons or tags that are installed in buildings or placed on tracked objects. Special readers receive signals from these devices and send them to the server that processes the obtained data and directs the information with the exact coordinates to the computer or mobile application. Such a solution makes it possible to build routes, send push notifications with advertising, or give useful tips to users.

Navigine SDK

Professional indoor real-time wayfinding solutions for mobile applications.


Advantages of using IPS

Optimization of people flow thanks to improved indoor positioning and navigation
Additional marketing channel (sending push notifications)
Space optimization, thanks to the analytical data received on visitors
Improving the safety
of the company’s staff or visitors
Improving the quality
of customer service
Possibility to save time on searching the objects of interest

IPS technologies


Bluetooth Low Energy allows defining the location with the accuracy of 2-5 m. Simple and affordable iBacon beacons, which send their identifiers to the readers inside premises on an on-going basis, are used for implementing the technology. The server system receives the transmitted information and immediately defines the location of each tag.

Thanks to the technology, it is possible to identify objects at low expenses. Because of its nature, the system doesn’t require a big number of readers, and, during operation, beacons consume minimum energy. The system availability makes it welcomed in many spheres including industry, warehousing, retail, healthcare and other industry sectors.


Location by WiFi allows for the realization of IPS without additional equipment and complicated infrastructure servicing. The receiver in the building detects the information, calculates the object location and sends the coordinates into the Cloud. Thanks to Wi-Fi, the location accuracy can be quite high – about 3-5 m.

Ultra-Wide Band (UWB)

The Ultra WideBand positioning technology belongs to wireless communication types functioning at small distances at minimum energy consumption.

Due to the fact that UWB has extremely wide signals, it is one of the most exact indoor location technologies. Because of high implementation costs, the system is usually used only if enterprises need precise data on location (for example, while tracking commodities in the workplace or managing warehouse stock).

Spheres of IPS application

Airports and railway stations
Using the system at transport hubs improves the quality of passenger service. In order to work at full with IPS, users have to install the mobile application to their smartphones that helps to:
  • find points of interest (border crossings, rest rooms or cafes);
  • build the shortest route on the map to the required object;
  • get useful information on the railway station or airport performance.
The management of the transport hub can control flows of people to reduce load at selected zones and increase passengers’ satisfaction.
In retailing IPS is used for increasing customer loyalty and improving their experience of interacting with a point of sale. After installing the mobile application with the function of indoor positioning, a customer can: For the management the benefits of applying the system of indoor positioning are in a possibility to optimize the store performance for improving the quality of customer service.
Shopping centers
Shopping malls often look like small towns consisting of numerous floors, stores, departments. In order not to be lost in this variety, customers can use the mobile app that will help them get to the wanted place. For business owners the technology means additional marketing channels that are used for delivering to customers push notifications on discounts, promotions, sales. Moreover, it helps to analyze traffic to understand visitors’ behavior and optimize the arrangement of objects inside the shopping center.
Industrial enterprises
Indoor positioning at industrial enterprises allows increasing labor safety, reducing costs, and saving time on executing production processes. Forklift tracking is a typical example of the technology application. Objects are equipped with special tags that make it possible to track their movement and define downtime. If necessary, one can create optimal routes for transport and adjust them in real time.
Medical institutions
In healthcare the system is useful for navigating people inside buildings. Large hospitals and medical centers have many buildings and large territories so patients can be easily lost while searching for the necessary room. Thanks to positioning without GPS technology, people can quickly get to the necessary places and the staff can track medical assets without difficulties.
Warehouses and logistics centers
Positioning inside warehouses helps to control assets and minimize non-effective logistics processes. It also helps monitoring warehouse workers to ensure their safety, adjust daily tasks in real time and timely react to emergency situations.
Navigine specializes in developing and implementing indoor positioning systems into the company’s infrastructure. We offer practical and functional tools, Navigine Tracking and Navigine SDK, which help to organize efficient navigation inside buildings.
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